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Students should leave ENG 101 with these MLA skills while English 102 re-emphasizes this material.
(Page references are to The Little, Brown Compact Handbook with Exercises, seventh edition.)
When quoting, students should:
incorporate quotations grammatically into their sentences;
follow specialized conventions for long quotations (508);
not change language from the source unless they signal the change with square brackets or ellipses (59; 340-43; 356; 417);
not leave a quotation to stand alone as a sentence.
When paraphrasing, students should:
render the passage into their own language and sentence structure;
know that even though they have not used the exact language and sentence structure of the original passage, they must still document the source.
When creating parenthetical in-text citations, students should:
know how to use The Little, Brown Compact Handbook models (465-70) to create citations appropriate to the sources they are using;
know how to place and punctuate in-text citations (470-72);
know that there must be at least one in-text citation for every source in the Works Cited list.
When creating the Works Cited page, students should:
know how to select Little, Brown Compact Handbook models (474-505) to create Works Cited entries appropriate to the sources they are using (and understand that sometimes it is necessary to combine several Little, Brown Compact Handbook models);
follow the models closely with respect to arrangement of elements, correct punctuation, and spacing between and within entries (473-74; 477; 479; 482; 491; 498; 500; 517-18);
know that there must be a Works Cited entry for every source cited parenthetically in the text.
Some Strategies to Encourage Academic Honesty
Require students to submit a photocopy or printout of every page of source material that they document. This allows the instructor to ascertain whether students have used source material appropriately: i.e., whether they have quoted, paraphrased, and documented correctly, as well as whether they have plagiarized.
Assign documented essays in stages, collecting and evaluating research materials before the paper is due. This encourages students to do thorough research and gives them time to assimilate it.